.

..
" " ( 2004 : 184): " ʡ ǡ "" ɡ .. ...".
807   ӡ ..
1109 " " 995ܡ 872 " "   " " " " " "..
(: 184): " ɡ ǡ . ѡ Ρ ɡ ...".
  . ǡ ߡ .. .. 
" ": (: 185): " ӡ ԡ ɡ ǡ . : " - - . . ʡ ʡ ʡ ʡ ... : ". " " .
ѡ " "..
" " ǡ ޡ ȡ "" ʡ ... 
" " ڡ : ɡ ..
" " :
" ɡ ɡ ݡ ɡ ɡ ʡ ǡ ǡ ".
:
" ʡ ʡ ǡ ǡ ߡ ߡ ޡ ޡ ޡ ߡ ߡ ߡ ߡ ӡ ɡ ..".
ޡ " " Ǻ :
" ɡ ɡ ɡ ɡ ɡ ɡ ɡ ʡ ǡ ǡ ǡ ..".
ɡ ǡ "" ǡ ǡ ɡ ..   . ɡ ӡ 870 .
" ":
" ɺ ǡ ɡ "" .."
 ɡ ӡ ԡ ǡ .. "" ..
(: 187-188): " ڡ ɡ ǡ ɡ 870/1464 )..
(: 186): " ɡ . ɡ ѡ .. .. ǡ ӡ ߡ .. " ". ". Le Maroc dans les premières années du 16ème siècle(Alger, 1906)" " 14 ..".
" " (: 25) : " ޡ " : " "..
: " " : " ɡ ɡ غ ɡ ޡ ѡ " : " ..".
- - 870.. ԡ ɡ ɡ "" . ݡ ǡ ɡ " " " " " " . " " (1 1989 : 15 ). 
… .. " " (: 189) : " ʡ ݡ . Ρ : " ". ѡ 930 ܡ ԡ ". ӡ .. . .